Arctic Ocean Conference

The inaugural Arctic Ocean Conference was held in Ilulissat , Greenland May 27 – May 29, 2008. Five countries, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia and the United States, discussed key issues relating to the Arctic Ocean . [1] The meeting was significant because of its plans for environmental regulation, maritime security, mineral exploration, polar oil oversight, and transportation. [2] Before the conclusion of the conference, the expectations of the Ilulissat Declaration . [3]

The conference is the first ever held at the ministerial level that included the five regional powers. [4] It came to the invitation of Per Stig Møller , Denmark’s Foreign Minister, and Hans Enoksen , Greenlandic Premier in 2007 after several territorial disputes in the Arctic . States Møller, “We must continue to Fulfill our obligations in the Arctic area up to the UN DECIDES Who will-have the right to the sea and the resources in the area. We must AGREE on the rules and what to do if climate exchange make more shipping possible.” [5]“We need to share a common political signal to our own populations and the rest of the world in the responsible manner.” [6]

Ilulissat’s glacier melting was an appropriate backdrop for the landmark conference. [7] The key ministry level waited were:

  • Canada: Gary Lunn , Canadian Minister for Nature Resources [8]
  • Denmark: Per Stig Møller; Hans Enoksen
  • Norway: Jonas Gahr Støre , Norwegian Minister for Foreign Affairs
  • Russia: Sergey Lavrov , Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs [9] [10]
  • United States: John D. Negroponte , Deputy Secretary of State [1]

Controversy

The inclusion of some members of the Arctic Council , while excluding others (Indigenous peoples, Finland , Iceland , and Sweden ) from the controversial controversy.

Defending Denmark’s decision to exclude certain council members, Thomas Winkler, head of the Denmark’s International Law Department stated, “This meeting in Ilulissat is not a competition to the Arctic Council. sic ] the responsibility of the five coastal states of the Arctic Ocean. ” [11]

The reaction by Aqqaluk Lynge , a Greenlandic politician and former President of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference , was concerned that indigenous peoples of the Arctic are being ” marginalized “. ” Inuit have their own definition of sovereignty .” [12]

See also

  • Arctic Council
  • Arctic Cooperation and Politics

Notes

  1. ^ Jump up to:b Office
  2. Jump up^ Boswell, Randy (2008-05-28). “Conference could mark start of Arctic Power struggle” . canada.com . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  3. Jump up^ Embassy
  4. Jump up^ The Citizen (2008-05-28). “Summit seeks agreement on Arctic sovereignty” . citizen.co.za. Archived from the original on 2009-09-11 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  5. Jump up^ RIGZONE
  6. Jump up^ RIA Novosti (2008-05-28). “Russia’s Lavrov to attend Arctic conference in Greenland” . rian.ru. Archived from the original on 30 May 2008 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  7. Jump up^ Boswell, Randy (2008-05-28). “NORTH – Melting glacier looming over Arctic Ocean summit, UN World Heritage site playing host to rally over vaunted oil rich” . University of Alberta . Retrieved 2008-06-06 . permanent dead link ]
  8. Jump up^ Lawrence (Harper received criticism In His Country for not sending a delegate-level ministry.)
  9. Jump up^ Norden
  10. Jump up^ 772-29-05-2008
  11. Jump up^ Sikunews
  12. Jump up^ Somby

References

  • Arctic Counsel (2008-05-26). “Arctic Ocean Conference: The Danish Foreign Minister wants unity in the future of the Arctic Ocean.” Outrageous attempts to make demands on the Arctic Ocean region should be a thing of the past . arctic-council.org. Archived from the original on 2008-08-20 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Boswell, Randy (2008-05-28). “Danes remind Canada Hans Island is part of Denmark on eve of meeting” . canada.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2008 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Embassy of Denmark, Ottawa (2008-05-28). “THE ILULISSAT DECLARATION, ARCTIC OCEAN CONFERENCE” . Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark . Retrieved 2008-06-06 . dead link ]
  • Lawrence, Daina (2008-06-04). “Harper government under fire” . princegeorgecitizen.com . Retrieved 2008-06-06 . permanent dead link ]
  • Norden. “Arctic Summit in Greenland: Denmark, Greenland, Norway, Russia, Canada and the USA are holding a summit in Ilulissat, Greenland at the moment to discuss the situation. Arctic Region, a pronouncement is not expected until 2020. ” . norden.org . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Office of the Spokesman (2008-05-21). “United States Participation in Arctic Ocean Conference” . US Department of State. Archived from the original on 2008-05-29 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Rigzone (2008-05-27). “Denmark to Hold Arctic Ocean Conference for Foreign Governments” . rigzone.com . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Sikunews (2008-05-21). “Finland, Sweden, Iceland left out: Ilulissat, Greenland.” . sikunews.com . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • Somby, Liv Inger (2008-05-29). “GREENLAND: Arctic Power Duel for Energy Wealth” . galdu.org. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .
  • “Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs Sergey Lavrov Attends the Arctic Ocean Conference, Ilulissat” (Press release). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. 2008-05-28. Archived from the original on 2011-06-14 . Retrieved 2008-06-06 .

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